Adding more API Endpoints

It’s a common scenario to add additional API endpoints to the application hosting IdentityServer. These endpoints are typically protected by IdentityServer itself.

For simple scenarios, we give you some helpers. See the advanced section to understand more of the internal plumbing.

Note

You could achieve the same by using either our IdentityServerAuthentication handler or Microsoft’s JwtBearer handler. But this is not recommended since it requires more configuration and creates dependencies on external libraries that might lead to conflicts in future updates.

Start by registering your API as an ApiResource, e.g.:

public static IEnumerable<ApiResource> Apis = new List<ApiResource>
{
    // local API
    new ApiResource(IdentityServerConstants.LocalApi.ScopeName),
};

..and give your clients access to this API, e.g.:

new Client
{
    // rest omitted
    AllowedScopes = { IdentityServerConstants.LocalApi.ScopeName },
}

Note

The value of IdentityServerConstants.LocalApi.ScopeName is IdentityServerApi.

To enable token validation for local APIs, add the following to your IdentityServer startup:

services.AddLocalApiAuthentication();

To protect an API controller, decorate it with an Authorize attribute using the LocalApi.PolicyName policy:

[Route("localApi")]
[Authorize(LocalApi.PolicyName)]
public class LocalApiController : ControllerBase
{
    public IActionResult Get()
    {
        // omitted
    }
}

Authorized clients can then request a token for the IdentityServerApi scope and use it to call the API.

Discovery

You can also add your endpoints to the discovery document if you want, e.g like this:

services.AddIdentityServer(options =>
{
    options.Discovery.CustomEntries.Add("local_api", "~/localapi");
})

Advanced

Under the covers, the AddLocalApiAuthentication helper does a couple of things:

  • adds an authentication handler that validates incoming tokens using IdentityServer’s built-in token validation engine
  • configures the authentication handler to require a scope claim inside the access token of value IdentityServerApi
  • sets up an authorization policy that checks for a scope claim of value IdentityServerApi

This covers the most common scenarios. You can customize this behavior in the following ways:

  • Add the authentication handler yourself by calling services.AddAuthentication().AddLocalApi(...)
    • this way you can specify the required scope name yourself, or (by specifying no scope at all) accept any token from the current IdentityServer instance
  • Do your own scope validation/authorization in your controllers using custom policies or code